Indicators

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The ND-GAIN Country Index measures climate vulnerability and adaptation readiness based upon compiled indicators. Building on the University's academic expertise, ND-GAIN surveyed recent data and literature and consulted scholars, adaptation practitioners, and global development experts to select 45 indicators. Thirty-six indicators contribute to the vulnerability score and nine indicators contribute to readiness. An overview of each indicator and the data sources used to can be explored below:

vulnerability

Measures the exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity in six life-supporting sectors: food, water, health, ecosystem services, human habitat, and infrastructure. The vulnerability score takes the simple mean of the sector scores, which are the average scores of component indicators. All measures are weighted equally.

 

Exposure

Sensitivity

Capacity

Food

Projected change of cereal yields (12)

Food import dependency

Agricultural capacity (FertilizerIrrigationPesticideTractor Use)

Projected Population Change

Rural Population

Child malnutrition

Water

Projected change in annual groundwater runoff

Fresh water withdrawal rate

Access to reliable drinking water

Projected change of annual groundwater recharge

Water dependency ratio

Dam capacity

Health

Projected change in vector-borne diseases

Slum population

Medical Staff (physicians, nurses and midwives)

Projected change in deaths from climate change induced diseases

Dependency on external resources for health services

Access to improved sanitation facilities

Ecosystem Service

Projected Change of biome distribution

Dependency on Natural Capital

Protected Biomes

Projected change in marine biodiversity

Ecological footprint

Engagement in international environmental conventions

Human Habitat

Projected change of warm periods (1234)

Urban concentration (12)

Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure

Projected change of flood hazard (1234)

Age dependency ratio (12)

Paved roads

Infrastructure

Projected change of hydropower generation capacity(12)

Dependency on imported energy

Electricity Access

Projection of sea level rise impacts

Population living under 5m above sea level

Disaster preparedness

 

REadiness

Measures economic, governance and social readiness by taking the average of the scores within and across three components. All measures are weighted equally.

Component

Indicators

Economic Readiness

Doing Business (one indicator considering the following 10 sub-indicators)

Starting a Business

Dealing with Construction Permits

Getting Electricity

Registering Prosperity

Getting Credit

Protecting Investors

Paying Taxes

Trading Across Borders

Enforcing Contracts

Resolving Insolvency

Governance Readiness

Political Stability and non-Violence

Control of Corruption

Rule of Law

Regulatory Quality

Social Readiness

Social Inequality

ICT Infrastructure (1234)

Education

Innovation (12)